In order to tell the difference between knits and wovens, use the following tips:
- First, you’re going to want to look at the fabric to see if there are loops or grains. The primary difference between these two fabrics is the yarn threat that they are made of. Knit fabrics are comprised of a single yarn, which is continuously looped, creating a braided look. Woven fabrics are made up of multiple yarns, which cross over one another at right angles, creating a grain-like effect.
- The stretch test is crucial for differentiating knits and wovens. Knits stretch a lot over their width, while they only stretch slightly across their length. Wovens have hardly any stretch along the width, and stretch only slightly along their length.
- The difference in wrinkling will also help you tell the difference between the two fabrics. When scrunched up, knits will bounce back to their original shape, leaving very few wrinkles. Woven fabrics, however, wrinkle quite easily.
- Check the edges. Look at the edges of the fabrics. Manufacturers apply glue or starch to lengthwise edges of the fabric in an effort to stop them from curling; therefore, the cut edges of knit fabrics don’t fray. With woven fabrics, however, no glue or starch is applies to the edges, and as such, the lengthwise edges of the fabric frays.
Using these tips, you can identify the difference between knit and woven fabrics, so now you can stock up your sewing room with the right type of fabric for the projects that you intend to work on. For more handy tips and tricks, be sure to check out the rest of the informational articles on Teach You to Sew. Happy Sewing!
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