If you’re looking to find the best sewing machine, you’ve come to the right place. My detailed guide will provide you with the essential sewing machine reviews. I also provide you with a detailed guide on everything you need to know about sewing machines.
Why are you here? It’s easy to explain. Take a look at any online craft retailer and what do you see? Dozens upon dozens of sewing machines. Do you really need all of them for a simple sewing room setup? Of course not.
However, if you don’t at least know…
- the different types of machines
- the fabrics they sew
- the top brands in the industry…
…then how on Earth will you ever sort through the endless assortment of sewing machines you DON’T need, to find the one or two you actually DO need? The answer is…you can’t. And you’ll make some pretty dumb purchases, and waste a lot of time and money in the process.
To spare you the headaches that so many of us have gone through when starting out, I’ve compiled a comprehensive guide which outlines everything beginners need to know, so they can choose the right sewing machine for their home craft studio.
Feel free to navigate our extensive guide using the below table of contents. We start our guide with our list of the best sewing machines. From there, we go into detail about everything you need to know about a sewing machine.
Sewing Machine Review Center 2019
I reviewed hundreds of the best sewing machines on the market in order to put together this list. All of the models I’ve included are outstanding.
There are different types of sewing machines intended for specific uses, though, so I’ve highlighted the “best uses” for each sewing machine when writing these reviews. That will hopefully make it easy for you to quickly find the best machine for your needs.
Here’s my list of the top 5 best sewing machine reviews of 2019.
|#1 - SINGER Quantum Stylist 9985||99%|
|#2 - Brother SE600||96%|
|#3 - SINGER 14T968DC||92%|
|#4 - JUKI MO-1000||88%|
|#5 - Janome HD1000||85%|
Now we’ll go into more detail about each of our best sewing machine picks…
#1 – Singer 9985 – Best Electronic Sewing Machine, Best All-Purpose Sewing Machine
For most of the last 150 years, people have used the name “Singer” interchangeably with the phrase “sewing machine.” Even after all that time, the company hasn’t lost its fastball; quite honestly, Singer still makes some of the best machines out there. And the Singer Stylist 9985 has won numerous industry awards since it hit the market, for very good reasons. It may be the best sewing machine for the price that you’ll find.
This is a small, computerized machine that really doesn’t look like anything special at first glance. But it’s a powerhouse. The Quantum Stylist 9985 has 960 different built-in stitches with a huge range of basic, stretch and decorative stitches, plus alphanumeric fonts and 13 built-in one-step buttonholes. There are 13 presser feet, and an adjustable speed up to 850 stitches per minute. It’s everything a beginning or intermediate sewist needs to create their own clothing, to quilt or to craft.
There’s more to this little beauty than just the numbers. It has an automatic needle threader that takes only six seconds to work its magic, a quick-load drop-in bobbin system with a clear cover, and push-button stitch selection that lets you just choose a stitch on the color-touch LCD screen without missing a beat. (The computer picks the optimal settings for each stitch, but you can change them as desired.)
The features just keep coming: automatic buttonholer, auto-pilot mode so you can sew without using the foot pedal, programmable needle position (whether you want the needle to stay up or down when you stop sewing), a light that illuminates the workspace, even a free arm where you can store your needles. The only negative is a slight one: this Singer is a little louder than I’d like.
Why you should buy
The 9985 Quantum Stylist has as many stitches as most advanced computerized models. But frankly, beginning and intermediate sewers don’t need that many. As they progress, though, they’ll be looking for more features and more stitches – and with this baby, they won’t have to upgrade. Whether they’re beginners or experts, though, they’ll appreciate this well-built, metal frame, easy-to-use machine that lets them complete their projects perfectly – at a reasonable price, only a little over $400. (The carrying case is an extra $20.)Check Price on Amazon
To see my complete rundown and reviews of all the best electronic sewing machines, click here.
#2 – Brother SE600 – Best Computerized Sewing Machine, Best Sewing Machine for Beginners
The SE600 certainly doesn’t have as many built-in stitches as the Singer Quantum Stylist 9985, with 103 instead of the whopping 960 you get with the Singer. But it’s a better all-purpose sewing machine for most beginners and intermediate sewists who are also into embroidery, thanks to its 80 built-in embroidery designs, 120 frame pattern combinations and nine lettering fonts, making this a fabulous model for sewing, quilting and 4×4 embroidery.
In fact, if embroidery is your thing this Brother may be your dream machine. It allows you to connect to an Internet-enabled device (via the USB port) to import any of the thousands of designs available online at iBroidery.com or other sites. You can also download machine updates the same way. If you prefer, you can use the USB port for a memory stick, to load your favorite designs.
There’s a large workspace for your embroidery machine and sewing work, an automatic needle threader and thread cutter, a drop-in top bobbin system and bobbin winder, a sewing and embroidery arm as well as a 4×4 embroidery hoop, seven interchangeable feet and seven-point feed dogs that make it easy to advance your fabric at exactly the speed you want.
Why you should buy
The backlit LCD color touchscreen display not only makes stitch selection and design editing simple and intuitive, but even lets you watch tutorials right on your sewing machine – a very cool feature. Brother is known its quality and affordable products; whether you’re a relatively new or experienced sewist, this baby will let you sew and embroider for a very long time before it needs to be replaced. I love it and think it’s one of the best sewing machines for home use, particularly for beginners who want to both sew and embroider.Check Price on Amazon
To see the rest of my choices and reviews of computerized sewing machines, click here.
#3 – Singer 14T968DC – Best Overlocker Sewing Machine
As you undoubtedly know, an overlocker machine (or serger) is by far the best way to create perfect seams on your garments. (If you didn’t know that, you might want to skip down to my tutorial section and read it before continuing with this review).The Singer 14T968DC is a professional serger which I’ve found to be the perfect companion for any computerized or electronic machine, as long as you don’t need to work with extremely difficult material like canvas. It’s the best sewing machine for overlocking.
This high-end serger machine is terrific. It has 2-3-4-5 thread capability (with color-coded threading), allowing you to choose from an enormous selection of styles and then sew, finish and trim in one operation.
Chain stitching, decorative edges, cover hems and rolled hems are all effortless thanks to a self-adjusting tension system that automatically chooses the proper settings for each stitch, and a separate rolled hem mode that’s available with the flip of a switch. For example, you can choose from narrow, wide or triple cover stitching, double chainstitching, or perfect rolled hems in just seconds.
Why you should buy
Not only is the 14T968DC versatile, it’s fast, with a maximum sewing speed of 1300 stitches per minute. It’s sturdy too, with a metal frame that ensures your fabric stays in one place and that there are no skips in the stitches. Seven presser feet are included. There’s a fairly steep learning curve for those new to sergers, but the time spent learning this Singer machine is well worth it, as its rather high price.Check Price on Amazon
Interested in seeing more of my top serger machine choices and reviews? Click here.
Next on the list…
#4 – Juki MCS-1500 – Best Sewing Machine for Chainstitching
Chain stitches and cover stitches are your primary interest? Then the Juki MCS-1500 is calling your name. It’s definitely on the expensive side, but it’s a beast of a machine which will create strong, perfect seams that make your garments look impeccable.
The Juki uses three separate needles (with color-coded threading) to do its work; when you’re working on standard stitching for cuffs, necklines, armholes or hems, the four-thread or three-thread (wide or narrow) cover stitch functions are just right. And side seams and waists will never fail when chain stitched with the MCS-1500.
This is a well-designed specialty sewing machine. The looper is simple to thread and lowers when you touch a button, and the height and pressure of the presser foot can be adjusted to fit the thickness of the fabric you’re working with. The adjustable differential feed feature works with any type of fabric, even knits and other stretchable materials, and both the presser foot guide (which presses down on both right and left sides) and seam guide lines on the extension plate make sure your sewing is straight and true. There’s a built-in thread cutter on the pressure foot, a thoughtful touch.
Why you should buy
Juki is known for its outstanding products. Quiet, easy to master and fast (up to 1350 stitches per minute), the MCS-1500 is no exception. You’ll pay a lot for it, but any serious sewist will want it in their arsenal.Check Price on Amazon
#5 – Janome HD1000 – Best Mechanical Sewing Machine
The phrase “mechanical sewing machine” may bring to mind grainy photos or home movies of grandma using an old-fashioned machine that operated strictly on elbow grease instead of electricity. That’s far from the reality of today’s mechanical machines, which are most definitely of the plug-in variety. The phrase just means that they’re simple, dependable and don’t use internal computers to program their functions.
The best of the bunch is the Janome HD1000, produced by a manufacturer that many experts think makes the top sewing machines in the world. It has a heavy-duty body (although it’s made from cast aluminum and not steel), it’s powerful, and it turns out great stitches. The HD1000 is an excellent machine to learn on, but many serious sewists also count on it for its straightforward and reliable performance.
This Janome doesn’t have an LCD screen or fancy graphics. You choose your preferred stitch with one of the knobs on the machine, choose the length of your stitch with a second knob, and use a lever on the body to reverse direction – that’s it. However, if you simply want to sew, that’s all you need. There are 14 stitches (including four-step buttonhole) to choose from, four presser feet, a three-piece feed dog system and an automatic needle theader, plus a removable free arm, a front-loading hook bobbin and push-pull bobbin winding which is easy once you get the hang of it.
Why you should buy
Fancy? Not at all? Inexpensive? No, because the HD1000 is built like a tank and will last like one, delivering outstanding results the entire time. This is a very, very good sewing machine- and not just for traditionalists.
For a look at my reviews of all of the mechanical sewing machines worth considering, click here.
Other Sewing Machines We Considered
Here are the other 30 sewing machines that we looked at:
The Juki TL-2010Q is one of the top of the line offerings from Juki. As the name implies, it’s capable of 1-needle lockstitch stitches. We love how large the sewing area is. It makes sewing larger projects a breeze.
- Light weight and portable
- Automatic Thread Trimmer
- Free motion quilting produces excellent results
- Over 180 positive Amazon reviews
The Juki HZL-F600 is a high-end computerized sewing machine. It is primarily used for people looking to make elaborate quilts. It can also be used for other large objects such as curtains and drapes. With over 100 positive ratings on Amazon, it’s a popular choice.
- Box feed technology
- Has extended sewing table
- Allows for free motion sewing
The Brother PQ1500SL is a high-end quilting machine that’s capable of over 1,500 stitches per minute. If you have a lot of heavy duty sewing jobs to complete, the Brother PQ1500SL will be up to the task. Considering all of its features, it’s a great value. Over 400 people on Amazon think so too.
- Auto Thread Trimmer
- Built in Needle Threader (we love this)
- 25 year limited warranty
The Brother CS6000i is an excellent sewing machine for beginners. In fact, it’s also the best budget sewing machine that you’ll find. It’s extremely reliable and easy to use. With over 8,000 positive reviews on Amazon, you’re sure to love it.
- Stitch selector switch makes it easy to use
- Automatic needle threader and adjustable sewing speed
- Excellent for beginners – best budget sewing machine
You may also want to check out the new Brother CS7000i.
The Janome JW8100 is a solid entry-level sewing machine. It comes with over 100 built-in stitches, giving you a wide range of sewing options. It comes with many bonus addons, such as an extra-wide extension table, hard-sided dust cover, even feed foot, and quarter inch foot.
- Many convenience features
- 7 Auto Buttonhole Styles (this is rare)
- Over 100 positive Amazon reviews
If you’re looking for a nice entry level serger, the Juki MO654DE is an excellent choice. It’s your typical 2/3/4 serger sewing machine with automatic rolled hem. It’s very easy to use and wildly popular on Amazon.
- Max 1,500 stitches per minute
- Sews light to heavy weight fabric
- Differential feed of 0.7 : 2.0
The Brother XM2701 is another excellent budget sewing machine for beginners. It can perform 27 different stitches, such as blind hem, zigzag, and stretch stitches. It’s very easy to use and is beloved on Amazon (over 1,400 positive reviews!)
- Best sewing machine under $100
- 63 different stitch functions
- 25 year warranty
If you have heavy duty sewing to do on a budget, the Singer 4452 is a great choice for you. It has the most popular 32 stitches built in to a machine with a very strong motor. The stitches are compromised of 6 basic, 7 stretch, 18 decorative, and 1 fully automatic 1-step buttonhole. With over 400 positive reviews on Amazon, the Singer 4452 is a great budget choice.
- One of the best selling sewing machines
- Capable of 1,100 stitches per minute
- Automatic Needle Threader
The Brother XR9550PRW is a reasonably priced sewing machine for beginners. It’s large LCD screen makes choosing from any of the 110 built in stitches easy. With over 200 positive reviews on Amazon, the Brother XR9550PRW is sure to please.
- 8 one-step auto-size buttonhole styles
- Automatic needle threader
- Comes with a hard case and wide table
The Singer 4423 is similar to the Singer 4452 heavy duty sewing machine in that it’s great for beginners who want a budget sewing machine. The only difference is it only has 23 built-in stitches. This is one of the best selling sewing machines of all time. It has over 3,600 positive reviews on Amazon!
- One of the best selling sewing machines of all time
- One of the best sewing machines for the money
- One of the best beginner sewing machines
The Brother CS5055PRW is affordable, reliable, and consistent. It’s a perfect option if you’re looking to sew basic projects. Please note that this doesn’t support 120 volt AC.
- 50 built in stitches
- Great for sewing cuffs and sleeves
- Works well with a variety of fabrics, such as knits and stretch
The Singer Start 1304 Beginner Sewing Machine is the most basic sewing machine on our list. With 6 stitches, it’s made for people looking to just learn how to sew. If you want the best basic sewing machine, the Singer Start 1304 is for you.
- Over 1,000 positive Amazon reviews
- Extremely reliable
- Allows for free arm sewing
Keeping along the lines of beginner sewing machines, next up is the Singer 4432 Heavy Duty Sewing Machine. Similar to the other 2 Singer machines above, the 4432 is very basic and great for beginners. It’s well-made and reliable.
- 32 built-in stitches
- Great for sewing all types of fabric with ease
- Can do reverse-stitching
The Singer 4411 heavy duty sewing machine is yet another basic offering from Singer. It has 11 of the most essential built-in stitches. It’s great for crafts, home decor, and basic fashion sewing.
- 6 basic stitches, 4 decorative stitches, 1 built-in buttonhole
- 1,100 stitches per minute
- Over 1,800 positive Amazon reviews
The Singer 7258 is another best selling sewing machine from one of the most popular brands. The Stylist 7258 has over 100 built in stitches, including 76 decorative stitches. If you’re looking to add some flair to your sewing projects, the 7285 is a great option for you.
- Over 2,100 positive Amazon reviews
- 25 year warranty
- Select your desired stitch with the simple push of a button
The Brother HC1850 computerized sewing and quilting machine is a great multipurpose sewing machine. It is capable of performing great basic and quilting stitches. At a very reasonable price, it’s our pick for the best sewing machine under $200.
- Over 130 built in stitches
- 850 stitches per minute
- Over 1,000 positive Amazon reviews
The Brother ST371HD is an extremely versatile machine capable of working on a wide range of fabric thickness and weight. It’s strong, tough, and extremely durable. If you want a workhorse for under $200, this is the machine for you.
- 37 built in stitches
- 6 Quick changing sewing feet
- Extremely well constructed. Built to last.
The Singer 2277 is a nice option if you want to do basic embroidery. The automatic embroidery needle threader makes getting started with embroidery a breeze. With over 900 positive Amazon reviews, the Singer 2277 is a good choice.
- 23 built in stitches
- Skip-Free sewing
- Adjustable stitch length and width
The Brother RLX3817A is a simple sewing machine that’s great for beginners and kids. It comes with 4 sewing feet – zigzag foot, zipper foot, buttonhole foot, and button sewing foot. It’s a great value at under $100.
- Over 200 positive Amazon reivews
- 17 built in stitches
- Instructional CD to get started
The Singer 9960 is an amazing sewing machine that can sew pretty much anything. It’s one of the most popular sewing machines in the world with over 2,800 positive Amazon reviews. It’s also our pick for the best sewing machine under $300.
- 600 built-in stitches
- Can sew up to 850 stitches per minute
- Comes with many sewing machine accessories to get started
The Brother 1034D 3/4 Thread Serger delivers an extremely reliable performance at an outstanding price. It can work on nearly every fabric, from knits to linens, to formal wear. You can create a wide variety of patterns with this simple to use serger. It’s insanely popular, with over 3,600 positive Amazon reviews.
- 22 built-in stitches
- Over lock seam width – 5.0 to 7.0 millimeter
- Excellent specialty stitch functions
The Brother XR3774 is an extremely easy to use, value sewing machine. While it’s primarily used for quilting, it can be used for any number of basic sewing stitches. Around the $100 mark, it’s a great value and popular on Amazon with over 600 positive reviews.
- 37 built-in stitches
- Sews up to 800 stitches per minute
- Easy to use features
The Brother DZ3000 computerized sewing machine is a mid-level machine that can handle nearly any job. It comes with a full set of designer accessories so you can get to sewing right out the gate.
- 240 built in stitches
- Over 110 alphanumeric stitches
- Good for both home and professional needs
The Varmax Multifunctional Sewing Machine is a great sewing machine for home use. It offers basic functionality in a reliable manner at a great price. If you have domestic sewing projects to do, the Varmax can handle them with ease.
- Over 300 positive Amazon reviews
- Great compact sewing machine
- 12 stitching types
The Brother Designio DZ1234 Serger is a nice choice if you want a serger without breaking the bank. The differential fabric feed can handle anything between 0.7 and 2.0 mm. It’s a reliable serger under $250.
- Sews up to 1,300 stitches per minute
- Very fast couture-level fashion stitching
- Easy color-coded thread technology
The Singer ProFinish 12CG754 is a top of the line serger that also functions as a sewing machine. It’s portable, free arm, and very adjustable. With over 700 positive reviews on Amazon, then Singer ProFinish 12CG754 rarely disappoints.
- 2-3-4 thread capacity
- 1,300 stitches per minute
- Comes with a variety of accessories to get started
The Brother PE800 is a mid-range sewing machine that will more than handle any sewing project you throw at it. It’s great for both home and professional use. Don’t let the price tag scare you, it’s worth it.
- 138 built-in embroidery designs
- Giant 5″ x 7″ stitching field
- Can purchase additional designs and connect via USB port
The Janome Graceful Basic Sewing Machine is the most basic sewing machine on our list. It’s perfect for beginners, and is probably the best sewing machine for kids. It’s a very cheap sewing machine, so don’t expect the world from it.
- Portable and compact
- 11 built-in stitches
- Weighs less than 5 pounds
The Singer Simple 3232 portable sewing machine is a nice option for beginners. It comes with an automatic reversal button to easily sew in reverse. Again, it’s a very basic sewing machine so don’t expect the world. But for what it is, it’s good at what it does.
- 32 built-in stitches
- 19 decorative stitches
- automatic needle threader and free arm
The Janome Fastlane Basic is similar to the Janome Graceful Basic, except it has 1 less stitching option. It’s the same price as the Janome Graceful Basic, so we recommend going with that one.
- 10 built in stitches
- Offered in 10 different colors
- Portable and compact
How Do We Choose the Best Sewing Machines?
Choosing the right sewing machine is far from an easy task. This is even more true when you’re looking for something more specific than just about any machine for trying your hand at sewing.
And this where sewing beasts like us come in. We have reviewed more sewing machines than we can ever remember, and we would be surprised if there’s any type of machine under the sun that we haven’t seen or reviewed yet.
Well, with that said, some of the important factors we consider when picking our products include the following.
Type of Sewing Machine
As surprising as it might seem, a sewing machine specifically designed for quilting may turn out to be great for quilting projects, but nowhere near as good when it comes to embroidery stuff. Now, while this seems to be obvious, not many seem to get it.
And therefore, we always make sure we recommend products that are specifically designed for your needs, especially if they are specific and a generalist sewing machine won’t be able to cut it well.
Generally, there’s 11 types of sewing machines:
- Electronic Sewing Machines
- Computerized Sewing Machines
- Overlocker Sewing Machines
- Mechanical Sewing Machines
- Leather Sewing Machines
- Quilting Sewing Machines
- Sewing Machines for Chainstitch
- Sewing Machines for Lockstitch
- Sewing Machines for Overlock Stitch
- Sewing Machines for Coverstitch
- Sewing Machines for Zigzag Stitch
While this might seem obvious, the way we analyze the features of a sewing machine may be well beyond most sewers. Remember, it’s not just about the number of stitches or readymade designs they come with, or even the simplicity of use for that matter. Not that these things don’t matter, but there’s a lot more to it.
Ease of Use
Let’s face it. Most of the people reading our articles are beginners to the world of sewing, and they would be scared into thinking it’s not for them if we introduce them to a super sophisticated and advanced sewing machine.
Hence, the ease of use tends to be a crucial aspect of the products that we take into consideration when choosing our top picks, especially unless we are writing for advanced sewers that couldn’t care less about the ease of use offered. If you’re a beginner, check out our list of sewing essentials!
These are just some of the things we consider when choosing the best sewing machines, and we shared it just to give you a bit of an idea. There’s a lot more that goes into our research process and explaining everything of it would probably require writing a new article solely dedicated to it.
The 2 “Umbrella” Categories
One of the first things we all learn…
Is that the two “umbrella’ categories of sewing machines are:
- Industrial equipment
- Domestic / Home equipment
95% of the sewing equipment you will ever use…
Will fit into 1 of these 2 categories. That part’s real simple.
The harder part is understanding the 8 KEY WAYS in which they compare.
So let’s cover them now. Starting with…
1. Stitch Options
The Beginner’s Rule of Thumb states:
Industrial sewing machines are more stitch-specific; performing one stitch really well.
Domestic sewing machines can do every type of stitch pretty well.
While the truth of the matter is far more complex, it’s a good rule to start with.
2. Stitch Quality
Industrial machines specialize in one stitch.
Therefore, they produce a cleaner, better-looking stitch.
Domestic sewing machines will usually require a little extra fussing to get the stitch just right.
3. Production Speed
The upside of domestic sewing machines is that they operate at a much slower pace.
As we mentioned above, you’ll sometimes need to fuss with the stitch to get it just right.
By operating at a slower speed, you can easily control the machine reducing the amount of fussing required.
Industrial machines allow you to sew extremely quickly. That’s the benefit of the machine specializing in one stitch.
4. Fabric Flexibility
The downside of domestic sewing machines is that they have smaller motors which cannot handle all types of cloth and fabric.
Home machines generally CANNOT handle larger cloth and thicker fabric.
Made with commercial production in mind, industrial sewing machines CAN handle larger cloth and thicker fabric.
Recommended places to buy fabric:
5. User Type
Being built for commercial production means that industrial sewing machines can be operated for longer periods of time.
The General Rule of Thumb is that you cannot use a home sewing machine for more than 5 hours at a time.
If you go over 5 hours, you risk burning out the motor.
Industrial sewing machines can easily work for more than 5 hours at a time.
It should be pretty clear by now that industrial sewing machines can handle heavier projects.
Thread capacity and type is no different.
Industrial machines can easily handle thicker thread and larger cones.
You’ll use thicker thread when sewing through heavier cloth or thicker fabric.
Domestic sewing machines need to use lighter thread with smaller cones.
However, because you’ll be using your domestic sewing machine for smaller projects, this shouldn’t be a problem.
Because you’re going to be doing smaller projects with home machines, you’ll only have to clean and maintain them every few months.
Of course, it’s great practice to clean the machine after each use. But that’s not necessary
Industrial machines are going to require a bit more maintenance if you’re using them for long periods of time.
Both types have readily available replacement parts.
Plus, any brand that we recommend below will have exceptional customer service.
8. Price Tag
When comparing the best domestic sewing machines to the best industrial sewing machines…
- Domestic sewing machines max out at a mere $400-$500 a piece. However…
- Industrial sewing machines can cost as much as $2-5 grand EACH.
While that may seem terrifying to some…
Don’t worry, because there are plenty of options available for budget craft studios.
Which is Better for Sewing?
Many beginners INCORRECTLY conclude that industrial sewing machines are somehow better than domestic sewing machines for sewing.
And from what we’ve covered so far, it’s not hard to see why.
But the truth is…NEITHER machine is better overall…and NO machine on the planet is perfect for EVERYTHING.
That is why, more than just these two umbrella categories….
Sewists use a WIDE range of sewing machines, each one tailored for specific tasks.
In this next section, we’ll cover each of them in more detail…
Different Parts of a Sewing Machine!
First things first, although all sewing machines are made different, they share remarkably similar fundamental features. And while you can learn a lot about cleaning and caring for your machine by just referring to the user manual, the same certainly cannot be said about “understanding” your sewing machine.
Using a sewing machine isn’t something as simple as it may seem, and while you may be able to learn the basics on your own, being able to get the most out of your machine is going to take some time and effort.
With that said, this rather technical but straightforward guide will help you get familiar with your machine and its parts, which, in turn, will help you build a strong “sewing” foundation.
Bobbin and bobbin case
Bobbin is something that holds the thread for the machine, and makes up the bottom part of the machine stitch. The bobbin case, as you could guess, is what the bobbin is placed in.
It’s important to note here that both bobbins and bobbin cases are specific to a particular model and brand of sewing machine, and hence can’t be shared across different machines. You would only want to use bobbins and bobbin cases that are specifically designed for your machine’s brand and model.
Depending on your machine, it may either have a slide plate or a bobbin cover that allows you to manage the bobbin.
This is a removable part of your sewing machine that is responsible for keeping the fabric in place. Depending on the nature of the sewing job, different types of pressure foots may be required for best results.
For instance, a nonstick foot would turn out to be ideal for working on an oilcloth.
Needles and needle clamps
The needles are another removable part of a sewing machine, and available in a wide range of sizes. The needle clamp is the part of the machine that holds the needle.
Also sometimes known as the needle plate, the throat plate is an important part of your sewing machine located underneath the needle and pressure foot. It has a small opening that allows both the thread and needle to do their job.
A vast majority of throat plates come with small notches that go a long way in doing sewing tasks such as sewing straight lines with a great accuracy. A throat plate can also be removed for cleaning the parts of your machine below it.
Feed dogs are small teeth-like metal parts that help you sew a better stitch. They move and pull the bottom fabric gently as you sew and make it pass through the machine in a uniform manner to avoid uneven sews.
It’s highly recommended to use them instead of trying to pull the fabric manually, which can result in uneven sewing as well as damage some parts of your machine such as the needle.
Tension regulating thumb nut
As the name suggests, this tiny dial ensures that the top thread is working with the right amount of tension. This is crucial to have the right balance between the top thread and bobbin, which is again an important requirement for uniform stitching.
A higher-than-needed tension on the top thread is likely to result in broken stitches, while a tension that’s too low is going to leave you with very loose stitches.
Thread take-up lever
Depending on your machine, the take-up lever may be located at different areas of the machine. The take-up lever allows the top thread to pass through it, moving in total sync with the needle in the process.
Before starting to work on any sewing task, make sure the take-up lever is pulled up to its highest position (which means the needle too should be at its highest position); this will prevent the fabric from getting caught in the handle.
Bobbin winder thread tension disk
If your machine has an external bobbin winder, it will allow the thread to pass from the spool to the winder.
The bobbin winder holds the spool when you’re filling the bobbin. To ensure an evenly winding thread, make sure the bobbin is empty before you start working.
There’s the upper thread guide and the lower thread guide, and the thread passes through them in a way that helps it move with just the right amount of tension.
This part looks like a slightly thicker, different needle, and holds the thread while the machine is working. Some machines also have more than one spool pins though, for unique sewing tasks or to achieve different results. It’s sometimes referred to as twin-needle or decorative sewing.
While spool pins usually seem to be vertical, it’s not exactly unusual for them to be horizontal in shape as well.
A flywheel or handwheel, as it’s sometimes called, takes care of lowering and raising the take-up lever. It should always be turned towards you.
The name of this part does a good job of explaining its purpose, so we will spare ourselves the trouble of doing that. Something to note here, however, is that while the older machines have a dial that you can use to select from different stitches, the newer ones have buttons.
All manual machines and some electronic machines will have a dial to let you decide the stitching length. The way the length is going to be measured, though, is going to vary quite a bit from one machine to another.
On some machines, the length will be measured by inches, while on some others, by metric scale; there will also be some machines where you will only have a numerical scale from 0 to 9.
Coming to the ideal stitching length, it’s going to vary too, depending on the type of sewing project as well as the fabric being sewed. For the usual sewing projects, medium lengths may work well. While working on fine fabrics, however, you would want to keep the stitch lengths short.
When it comes to heavier fabrics, as well as sewing jobs such as gathering or basting, the stitches will need to be long.
Some electronic and advanced sewing machines will come with a menu option that will allow you to manage many functions and even the stitches. They would also replace other features and parts such as dials for setting the stitching length and width, as well as for separate stitching.
The reverse button is also known as a backstitch button because of what it does. Basically, it allows you to switch the direction of the stitch, from the beginning to end and vice versa.
The foot controller can partially control the speed of the stitching.
Tips for a safer sewing experience
When feeding fabric into the throat plate, make sure there’s a safe distance between your fingers and the pressure foot. When pausing while working on the fabric, don’t keep your foot on the foot controller in order to avoid accidentally starting the stitching.
If the pause is going to be very long, you might simply want to disconnect the machine from the power plug just to be on the safe side.
Sewing Machine Brands
For the final section of this post, let’s take a moment to discuss BRANDS.
The deeper you get into the world of sewing, the more apparent it becomes that virtually ALL of the top sewing machines come from a small group of 5-6 big brands.
Specifically, these here, in no particular order:
- Laura Ashley
Click any of the above links, and what you’ll find is a list of the top sewing machines from each company.
Go through each of these articles and by the end, you will know 95% of the top machines in the sewing industry.
And your chances of making a stupid purchase will be second to none 🙂
This post has been updated for Black Friday, Cyber Monday, and Christmas 2019