Bias tape is piece of material that has been cut along the bias of a sewing fabric (hence the name). What’s the bias? – It’s the 45 degree angle that runs across the weave of a textile. Material that has been cut along the bias has more stretch, which is why it is so versatile. There are two different types of bias tape:
- Single-fold, which features two folds. It’s usually used as a narrow facing, which means that it’s used on the wrong side of a garment so that it can’t be seen.
- Double-fold, which features three folds. It’s commonly used to bind edges together and can be seen from the outside of a garment.
Using bias tape to create a seam on an unfinished edge is referred to as a Hong Kong Finish. It really makes a huge difference in the outcome of your garments; it instantly makes something that was handmade into something that looks like it was made by a professional. To use bias tape as a seam finish, all you have to do is stitch a side of the tape to the unfinished edge so that it has a ¼ inch seam.
You can also use bias tape to give a raw edge a finished look. Simply remove the seam allowance of the garment you are applying it to and cover the edge with double-fold bias tape with a polished look. Use an edgestitch along the inner fold to attach.
Bias tape is a great way to make button loops; plus, it’s extremely easy. Begin with a double-fold bias tape, use an edgestitch on the open end, and then cut it into strips that will accommodate the size of the buttons. Easy peasy!
Use bias tape to add decorative elements to drapery, toss pillows, blankets, clothing, and anything else you can think of. The way in which you use bias tape to create a decorative element really depends on the look you are trying to achieve; however, as an example, you can pin the lengths of either single-fold or double-fold bias tape to a section of material in any configuration you desire, then use an edgestitch to affix it to the fabric. For the easiest effective, you can sew a straight line; however, you can use bias tape to create curves, too.